This particular section of the lecture is called "Jihad does not depend on an individual or individuals" and it is extremely important as there are many who are spreading false concepts which are not in the Quran and Sunnah and have not been spoken about by the ulaama such as the lie that "There is no jihad without a khalifah". This is something which was promoted by Zakir Naik in his recent visit to the Maldives along with other distortions of Jihad (a short refutation can by viewed on "Islam Maldives") and it is also something which is propagated by the so called Salafis, who are in fact the Murjiah of today.
But as the article below shows the issue is clear and no one should be in any doubt that defensive Jihad does not require an Imam.
|Sheikh Anwar Al Awlaki|
Jihad does not depend on an individual or individualsJihad will carry on regardless of the leader or a particular person. Some people say that the religion of Allah does not depend on certain individuals, and if the slaves of Allah die in the cause of Allah, Allah will continue to bring other believers in order to further continue the cause of Islam. This is correct, however, we see that for most of the people who say this treat this as lip service. In other words, they firmly believe Jihad Fe Sabeelillah depends on certain individuals or groups through their actions. We will prove that Jihad does not depend on a particular leadership nor does it depend on particular individuals:
1. If we believe that Jihad depends on individuals, then this leads to the weakening of the ‘Aqeeda on Jihad because it’s an incorrect ‘Aqeeda. And it will alter the idea that Jihad will continue until the Day of Judgment since we are associating Jihad with certain individuals and imply in our speech that if so and so dies, Jihad will stop. In addition, Ibn Qudaamah states that: “The absence of the Imam should not be a reason for the delay of Jihad.”
2. Allah has brought up the Sahaba to only depend on Him alone and to be attached to His religion. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) showed them that depending on a particular individual is the wrong way because if that particular individual dies then Jihad is over. In addition, Allah even revealed the ayah to not depend on Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam): “Muhammad is no more than a messenger; many were the messenger that passed away before him. If he died or was slain, will you then turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, but Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Him) with gratitude.”
This ayah was revealed to teach the Sahaba that no ‘Ibadah is to be depended on a particular individual. Islam belongs to Allah and not anyone else; so have tawakkul on Allah and not Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) or any other person.
Imam Ibn Kathir says that this ayah was revealed in the battle of Uhud when a Qurayshi struck the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) with a rock and thought he killed him. He went back to his people and told them just that. This rumor spread around and reached the Muslims that Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) was killed. That led to the despair of some Muslims. That’s when Allah revealed this ayah saying that Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) is no more than a messenger and that other messengers have came before him. Now if he is killed, does that mean you will retreat and leave your religion? Are you dependent on him or on Allah? This ayah was criticizing some of the actions of the Sahaba. Some Muslims were affected by this news and some were not. One Sahabi from the Ansar said, “Even if he is killed, he has already conveyed his message. So fight for it and die as he died!” This Sahabi was strengthened by this rumor instead of broken by it. For those who turned their backs, they are only harming themselves.
When Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) had already died, Abu Bakr went to the house of Rasoolullah, into the room of ‘Aisha and he kissed Rasoolullah on the forehead and said, “You are pure when you are alive and dead. Allah will not make you die twice.” Then he went to the masjid where ‘Umar was talking to the people. ‘Umar didn’t want to hear that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) is dead. He went around telling people, “Whoever says that Muhammad is dead, I will chop off his head. Muhammad went to meet Allah just as when Musa went to meet Allah; so he will be back.” Abu Bakr stopped ‘Umar from speaking and said, “Oh people! Whoever used to worship Muhammad then let him know that Muhammad is dead. And whoever used to worship Allah, let him know that Allah is alive and will never die!” Then he recited this ayah. Everyone already knew this ayah, but when they heard it fromAbu Bakr it was as if they heard it for the first time since they were in an emotional state and forgot everything. Then everyone started reciting this ayah repeatedly after they heard Abu Bakr recite it. Everyone will die at an appointed time; that was the lesson.
Allah says, “No soul can die except by Allah's leave, the term being fixed as by writing.”27
Allah says, “Nor is a man long-lived granted length of days, nor is a part cut off from his life, but is in a Decree (ordained). All this is easy to Allah.”
For these two ayaat, the author says that they will make the cowards become courageous and lay down their lives and fight for Allah’s cause. Because courage does not decrease your life and cowardice does not increase it. No matter how courageous you are, that is not going to decrease your life. And no matter how much fear you have, that is not going to increase your life. If a mo’min reaches the level of yaqeen where he realizes that his death is at an appointed time and nothing can stop it, he will be very courageous; he will fear nothing. He will see all the enemies of Allah as just mere creatures that are controlled by Allah. So why fear them?Khalid bin al Waleed would be so courageous that he would throw himself into the army ranks and had said about himself, “I would throw myself in the ranks of the enemies until I would be certain that I would not come out alive. And here I am dying on my bed. So may the eyes of the cowards never see sleep!” He made du’a against the cowards implying how can you be a coward when courage did not kill him.
The author of Zaad bin Maseer says in his Tafseer that Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Shaytan screamed out on the Day of Uhud that Muhammad is killed. So some of the Muslims said that if Muhammad is killed, let’s surrender. These are our tribes and relatives. And if Muhammad was alive, we wouldn’t have lost.” They were trying to find an excuse to not fight. Abdul Haaq said, “Some of the Munafiqeen said, ‘Muhammad has been killed so let’s go back to our former religion’.” Allah tests the people and the outcome of the tests are different. The result is based on how we respond to the test. Our life is full of tests. If we keep passing these tests, we become purer and purer and purer.
Ash Shaukaani mentions how Shaytan screamed on the Day of Uhud and some of the Muslims said, “If Muhammad is a Messenger, he wouldn’t be killed.” So Allah revealed this ayah. Some of the Ambiya of Allah can be killed by Allah’s leave.
Some Muslims said, “Let’s go to ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy and ask him to negotiate our surrender to the Quraysh.” They went to him because they know he was on good relationships with the kuffar.
Anas bin Nadr from the Ansar said, “Even if Muhammad is killed, Allah is not killed, so let’s fight for the religion of Allah!” He saw some Muslims sitting down on the battlefield and inquired them as to what they are doing. They said, “Muhammad is killed. What should we do?” He told them, “If Muhammad is killed, then you should stand up and fight and be killed the way he was!” Some Muslims did that and were killed.
The right and wrong understanding
The ones who adopted the wrong concept can be broken up into two categories:
a. Those who failed because of the rumor of Muhammad’s (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) death; they became weak and couldn’t avoid the shock. They wanted peace and tried to avoid death.
b. The ones who adopted the worse position were the ones who went back to kufr.
Jihad is not dependent on Rasoolullah (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam). The position of these two groups who adopted the false concept is the position of many Muslims today. We find many Muslims say that if the Taliban were on the right path, they wouldn’t have lost. Some said Islam is wrong because Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam) died on the battlefield. We see the same thing happening today with Muslims saying that the Taliban are wrong because they lost in the battlefield. This is wrong to say. Some say that the Arab Mujahideen should go back to their lands and seek peace with their governments and join their hands. This is similar to the Muslims who went to ‘Abdullah bin Ubayy asking for their surrender to Quraysh. History repeats itself and every misguidance you find today, you’ll find people following the same misguidance of someone before him.
The people who follow the correct concept are like Anas bin Nadr who tell people, “Why are you sitting?” They said because Muhammad is killed. He said, “What are you going to live for? Stand up and fight like him!” They are also like Abu Bakr who said, “If you worshipped Muhammad, then know that Muhammad is dead. But if you worshipped Allah, then know that Allah is alive and will never die!” They are also like ‘Ali ibn abi Taalib who said, “If Muhammad is killed, I will fight for his religion.” These people follow the correct concept which is that Jihad is not dependent on any individual, even if that individual is Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhe wassallam).